White Ash

Fraxinus americana

Fraxinus americana (White Ash) - full view

Full view

Fraxinus americana (White Ash) - leaves

Foliage detail

Fraxinus americana (White Ash) - bark

Bark detail

  • Size:

    Height: up to 80'; Spread: up to 50'

  • Growth:


  • Character:

    Deciduous; oval and upright crown.

  • Foliage:

    Dark green, pinnately-compound leaves of 15" with 5-9 leaflets 2-4" long. Yellow to purple in fall.

  • Flower:

    Small, green flowers; not noticeable.

  • Fruit:

    1.5-3" samaras that come in green, brown, or yellow.

  • Bark:

    Gray with ridges.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Low. Early pruning to train a good shape; pruning needed less frequently with age.

  • Tolerance:

    Any soil, medium winds.

  • Special Considerations:

    Wind may cause leaf burn. Female trees produce seed litter. Subject to ash white fly.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to eastern United States. Needs a large area to grow. Great shade tree in the summer.