Southern Magnolia

Magnolia grandiflora

Magnolia grandiflora (Southern Magnolia) - full view

Full view

Magnolia grandiflora (Southern Magnolia) - flowers

Foliage detail

Magnolia grandiflora (Southern Magnolia) - leaves

Foliage detail

  • Size:

    Height: 80'; Spread: 60'; will vary depending on tree variety

  • Growth:


  • Character:

    Evergreen; spreading form; dense canopy.

  • Foliage:

    Dark green, smooth, oval leaves, 4-10" long, glossy above and rust-colored beneath.

  • Flower:

    Large, white, fragrant flowers, 6-10" across, lotus-like in shape, bloom March-July. 

  • Fruit:

    Furry brown, cone-like seed conglomerates, 4"-6" long, form in fall and drop in winter. 

  • Bark:

    Smooth, charcoal-gray bark. 

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Low. Early pruning needed to train a good shape; pruning needed less frequently with age.

  • Tolerance:

    Any soil, fog, sun or shade, poor drainage.

  • Special Considerations:

    Roots can be invasive. 4x4' basin recommended for medium-large varieties. Not tolerant of heavy winds. Needs extra water in hot or windy conditions, or in sandy soil.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to SE United States. Spectacular, long-lasting white, fragrant flowers and attractive foliage make this a very popular street tree. Smaller, slow-growing varieties are appropriate for beneath overhead wires.