Scarlet Oak

Quercus coccinea

  • Size:

    Height: 60-80'; Spread: 40-60'

  • Growth:

    Moderate

  • Character:

    Deciduous; pyramidal form in youth, spread as it matures.

  • Foliage:

    Glossy dark green, 3-6" leaves with 5-9 lobes. Lobes have multiple pointed tips.

  • Flower:

    Insignificant: yellow-tan clusters of flowers in tassels in spring.

  • Fruit:

    1/2-1" acorns in fall or winter.

  • Bark:

    Young: gray and smooth. Mature: dark gray and furrowed with orange-red.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Moderate. Early pruning needed to train a good shape; pruning needed less frequently with age.

  • Tolerance:

    Drought (once established), clay or loam soil, some shade, medium winds.

  • Special Considerations:

    Does best in full sun. Acorns and leaves may cause litter. Susceptible to caterpillars and scale.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to eastern United States. Does not get mistletoe as much as other oaks.