Pepper Tree

Schinus molle

Schinus molle (Pepper Tree) - full view

Full view

Schinus molle (Pepper Tree) - leaves

Foliage view

Schinus molle (Pepper Tree) - bark

Bark detail

  • Size:

    Height: 25-40'; Spread: 25-40'

  • Growth:


  • Character:

    Evergreen; Irregular canopy with weeping branching habit.

  • Foliage:

    Green, pinnately compound, 6-10" long leaves with 11-31 narrow leaflets, each 1-2" long.

  • Flower:

    Small, white to yellow flowers in branched clusters in spring.

  • Fruit:

    Reddish, round, 1/4" drupes in fall or winter.

  • Bark:

    Rough and fissured, gray to red bark.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Moderate. Early pruning needed to train a good shape; pruning needed less frequently with age.

  • Tolerance:

    Drought (once established), any soil, some shade, medium winds.

  • Special Considerations:

    Fruit attracts birds. Roots may become invasive. Susceptible to scale.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to Peru. Often called "California Pepper Tree" because it has naturalized here.