Japanese Blueberry Tree

Elaeocarpus decipiens

  • Size:

    Height: 30-40'; Spread: 25'

  • Growth:

    Moderate

  • Character:

    Evergreen with oval form, dense canopy

  • Foliage:

    New leaves are rusty and hairy, turning smooth, dark green. Older leaves turn bright red before dropping. 

  • Flower:

    Small, fragrant, white flowers in 1-1/2 Ð 3" clusters bloom May-July. 

  • Fruit:

    Blue-black fruits look like olives. 

  • Bark:

    Brown with lenticels.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Low to moderate. Early pruning will train a good shape; regular pruning needed less frequently in age. 

  • Tolerance:

    Tolerant of neutral to slightly alkaline soils, but will develop chlorosis if soil has high pH.

  • Special Considerations:

    Prefers rich, well-drained soil. Older specimens not available yet to evaluate, so all info not known about this tree in San Francisco.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to China, Japan. Attractive foliage with high potential for a street tree in protected microclimates with good fertile soils.