Italian Stone Pine

Pinus pinea

Pinus pinea (Italian Stone Pine) - full view

Full view

Pinus pinea (Italian Stone Pine) - needles

Foliage detail

Pinus pinea (Italian Stone Pine) - bark

Bark view

  • Size:

    Height: 40-80'; Spread: 40-60'

  • Growth:

    Slow to moderate

  • Character:

    Evergreen; youth: rounded and dense; mature: broad and open.

  • Foliage:

    Dark green needles, 3.5-7" long, grouped in twos.

  • Flower:

    Insignificant.

  • Fruit:

    3.5-5" brown pinecone.

  • Bark:

    Ridged and roughly plated, red-brown to black.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Low. Early pruning needed to train a good shape; pruning needed less frequently with age.

  • Tolerance:

    Drought (once established), any soil, coastal conditions, medium winds.

  • Special Considerations:

    Needs ample room. Susceptible to aphids and pine pitch canker.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to Mediterranean. Source of edible pine nuts.