Height: 50'; Spread: 35-50'
Deciduous; upright, spreading, open canopy.
Light green, bi-pinnately compound leaves with many small leaflets.
Inconspicuous flowers in spring or summer.
3"+ brown pods in summer or fall.
Furrowed, dark brown to black.
In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).
- Tree Care:
Low. Early light pruning and staking to establish upright central leader. Water and keep staked and protected during first 5-10 years. Minimal pruning needed once properly trained. Keep lower branches on as long as possible for fastest growth.
Drought (once established), any soil, some shade, medium winds.
- Special Considerations:
Susceptible to verticillium wilt, oak root fungus, spider mites, and mistletoe. Does best in areas with more pronounced seasons, but does well in San Francisco.
- Notable Traits:
Native to central and eastern North America. Produces few seed pods annually.