Honeylocust

Gleditsia triacanthos var. inermis ‘Shademaster’

Gleditsia tricanthos (Honeylocust) - full view

Full view

Gleditsia tricanthos (Honeylocust) - leaves

Foliage view

Gleditsia tricanthos (Honeylocust) - bark

Bark detail

  • Size:

    Height: 50'; Spread: 35-50'

  • Growth:

    Fast

  • Character:

    Deciduous; upright, spreading, open canopy.

  • Foliage:

    Light green, bi-pinnately compound leaves with many small leaflets.

  • Flower:

    Inconspicuous flowers in spring or summer.

  • Fruit:

    3"+ brown pods in summer or fall.

  • Bark:

    Furrowed, dark brown to black.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Low. Early light pruning and staking to establish upright central leader. Water and keep staked and protected during first 5-10 years. Minimal pruning needed once properly trained. Keep lower branches on as long as possible for fastest growth.

  • Tolerance:

    Drought (once established), any soil, some shade, medium winds.

  • Special Considerations:

    Susceptible to verticillium wilt, oak root fungus, spider mites, and mistletoe. Does best in areas with more pronounced seasons, but does well in San Francisco.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to central and eastern North America. Produces few seed pods annually.