Height 15-25'; Spread 15-20'
Evergreen; round form; dense canopy.
Dark green, smooth, elliptic leaves, 2-4" long.
Small, yellow spring flowers in clusters.
Male trees have no fruit; female trees have purple-black berries, 1/4" across, which form in fall and drop in winter.
Smooth, light gray bark darkens with age.
In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).
- Tree Care:
High. Early pruning needed to train a good shape; pruning needed less frequently with age. Requires removal of suckers. Can require pest control.
Drought (once established), sandy or rocky soil, salt air, gusty or cold winds, smog, temperature extremes.
- Special Considerations:
Prefers sun and needs good drainage. Prone to suckering; big root crown; susceptible to thrips, psyllids, insects, aphids, scale, mealybugs, and powdery mildew in San Francisco. Minimum 4x4' basin encouraged.
- Notable Traits:
The aromatic, dried leaves can be used in cooking as a seasoning. Attracts birds.