Height: 30-40'; Spread: 15-20'
Deciduous; upright, weeping form.
Dark green, oval leaves with 9-11 paired veins, 1-3" long. Orange-yellow in the fall.
Tassel-like flowers in early spring. Male flowers are 1-1.25" long and hang in clusters of 1-3; Female flowers 1/2-3/4" at branch spurs near male flowers.
Fruiting catkins are 1-1.25" long, green maturing to brown.
Creamy-white, peeling, with contrasting black lines and cracks.
In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).
- Tree Care:
Moderate. Important to prune to shape when young; does not recover well from large cuts when mature.
Tolerates shade, any soil, and medium winds.
- Special Considerations:
Surface roots may spread in search of water. Susceptible to aphids, caterpillars, and birch borers. Does not do well in coastal conditions.
- Notable Traits:
Native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. Cannot tolerate drought. Attracts birds foraging for food.
European White Birch