Height: 30-60'; Spread: 30-60'
Evergreen; irregular, broad canopy.
1.5-2" long dark green leaves with shallow-toothed margins.
Inconspicuous flowers in tassels in spring.
Very distinguished, up to 4" thick gray to brown bark with deep fissures.
In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).
- Tree Care:
Moderate. Early pruning needed to train a good shape; pruning needed less frequently with age.
Drought (once established), any soil, some shade, and medium winds.
- Special Considerations:
Bark is susceptible to vandalism. May only grow medium spread and height, especially near coast. Coastal conditions will also negatively affect acorn production.
- Notable Traits:
Native to Mediterranean and northern Africa. Bark is very interesting and beautiful. Source of natural wine corks.