Chinese Flame Tree

Koelreuteria bipinnata

Koelreuteria bipinnata (Chinese Flame Tree) - full view

Full view

Koelreuteria bipinnata (Chinese Flame Tree) - leaves

Foliage detail

Koelreuteria bipinnata (Chinese Flame Tree) - bark

Bark detail

  • Size:

    Height: 20-40'; Spread: 20-40'

  • Growth:

    Slow to moderate

  • Character:

    Deciduous; broad, oval form.

  • Foliage:

    Bi-pinnately compound, shiny green with pale undersides, 1–2’ long consisting of 7-12 oval leaflets. Pointed with smooth edges.

  • Flower:

    24” long showy clusters of bright yellow flowers in summer.

  • Fruit:

    Thin, papery seed pods become bronze-red

  • Bark:

    Grayish brown, reddish fissures, scaly.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Moderate. Early pruning to train a good shape. Regular pruning needed less frequently with age.

  • Tolerance:

    Drought (once established), any soil, some shade.

  • Special Considerations:

    Seeds may cause a tripping hazard.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to Asia. Good shade tree. Leaves turn yellow in the fall. Flowers attract bees.