Height: 30-40'; Spread: 30-40'
Evergreen; dense, broad rounded form.
Shiny dark green, leathery, rounded leaflets, 6 – 10”.
Small clusters of red inflorescences in spring.
Dark brown leathery legume pods, 8 – 12”, can persist through winter.
Smooth grayish brown, shallow fissures with age.
In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).
- Tree Care:
Moderate. Early pruning to train a good shape. Regular pruning needed less frequently with age.
Drought (once established), any soil, can tolerate some coastal conditions but not extremes.
- Special Considerations:
4x4' basin or larger recommended. Can tolerate some wind in warmer microclimates. Prefers sun. Develops significant roots with age. Susceptible to crown rot and root rot.
- Notable Traits:
Native to Eastern Mediterranean. In San Francisco, males are planted along sidewalks. Females produce and drop 1' long, dark-brown leathery seed pods (the seed pods are ground to a fine powder and used as a chocolate substitute).