Carob Tree

Ceratonia siliqua

AA. Ceratonia siliqua (Carob Tree) - full view

Full view

AA. Ceratonia siliqua (Carob Tree) - leaves

Foliage detail

AA. Ceratonia siliqua (Carob Tree) - bark

Bark detail

  • Size:

    Height: 30-40'; Spread: 30-40'

  • Growth:

    Moderate

  • Character:

    Evergreen; dense, broad rounded form.

  • Foliage:

    Shiny dark green, leathery, rounded leaflets, 6 – 10”.

  • Flower:

    Small clusters of red inflorescences in spring.

  • Fruit:

    Dark brown leathery legume pods, 8 – 12”, can persist through winter.

  • Bark:

    Smooth grayish brown, shallow fissures with age.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Moderate. Early pruning to train a good shape. Regular pruning needed less frequently with age.

  • Tolerance:

    Drought (once established), any soil, can tolerate some coastal conditions but not extremes.

  • Special Considerations:

    4x4' basin or larger recommended. Can tolerate some wind in warmer microclimates. Prefers sun. Develops significant roots with age. Susceptible to crown rot and root rot.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to Eastern Mediterranean. In San Francisco, males are planted along sidewalks. Females produce and drop 1' long, dark-brown leathery seed pods (the seed pods are ground to a fine powder and used as a chocolate substitute).