Camphor Tree

Cinnamomum camphora

Cinnamomum camphora (Camphor Tree) - full view

Full view

Cinnamomum camphora (Camphor Tree) - leaves

Foliage detail

Cinnamomum camphora (Camphor Tree) - bark

Bark detail

  • Size:

    Height: 50’; Spread: 60'

  • Growth:

    Slow to moderate

  • Character:

    Evergreen; broad, rounded canopy

  • Foliage:

    Glossy yellow-green, waxy, ovate leaves with pointed tips 1–3”. Older leaves turn reddish before falling in spring.

  • Flower:

    Tiny, lightly fragrant whitish flowers in 2" long panicles.

  • Fruit:

    Small fruits turn black in winter.

  • Bark:

    Green to grayish-brown, develops square scales with age.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Moderate. Early pruning to train a good shape. Regular pruning needed less frequently with age.

  • Tolerance:

    Drought (once established), any soil, some shade, medium winds

  • Special Considerations:

    Roots may buckle sidewalk. Susceptible to verticillium wilt and armilleria. Drops leaves heavily in early spring. Creates a lot of litter.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to China, Japan, and Taiwan. Leaves are aromatic when crushed. Camphor is distilled from the leaves and twigs.