California Buckeye

Aesculus californica

  • Size:

    Height: 10-20'; Spread 30'+

  • Growth:

    Slow

  • Character:

    Deciduous; broad oval spreading canopy.

  • Foliage:

    Dark green palmately-compound leaves, 4-10" with 5-7 leaflets.

  • Flower:

    Clusters of fragrant, 1" white/pale rose flowers in 6-12" panicles, blooming April to May.

  • Fruit:

    Toxic, 4" round, leathery, green to brown capsules.

  • Bark:

    Smooth, silvery-white bark.

  • Watering:

    In general, 15-20 gallons per week for the first 2 years; 15-20 gallons twice a month for the 3rd year; as needed after 3 years (varies by soil, sun, and wind conditions).

  • Tree Care:

    Low. Prune to shape.

  • Tolerance:

    Drought tolerant (once established), any soil, some wind.

  • Special Considerations:

    Atypically deciduous: loses leaves from about June to February. All parts are toxic if ingested (unless you're a squirrel); pollen may be toxic to bees. Needs a space larger than a typical sidewalk due to broad spread.

  • Notable Traits:

    Native to California Coastal Ranges Sierra Nevada Foothills below 4,000'. Beautiful flowers and winter silhouette